Types of Hydrocarbon Trap

 

Diagrams of structural and stratigraphic traps



A trap is a geologic structure or a stratigraphic feature capable of retaining hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbon traps that result from changes in rock type or pinch-outs, unconformities, or other sedimentary features such as reefs or buildups are called stratigraphic traps. Hydrocarbon traps that form in geologic structures such as folds and faults are called structural traps. Any mixture of structural and stratigraphic elements is called a combination trap.