Geomorphology

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A

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Anderson, H.A., Gauld, J.H. & Stewart, M. (1997). Pilot study of soils within the Cairn Gorm Ski area. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report F97AC101. Scottish natural Heritage, Battleby.

B

Bain, D.C., Mellor, A., Robertson-Rintoul, M.S.E. & Buckland, S.T. (1993). Variations in weathering processes and rates with time in a chronosequence of soils from Glen Feshie, Scotland. Geoderma, 57, 275-293.

Baird, P.D., and Lewis, W.V., 1957, The Cairngorm floods, 1956; summer solifluction and distributory formation: Scottish Geographical Magazine, v. 73, p. 91-100.

Ballantyne, C.K., 1984. The Late Devensian periglaciation of upland Scotland. Quaternary Science Reviews, 3(4): pp10-30.

Ballantyne, C.K. (1985). Nivation landforms and snowpatch erosion on two massifs in the northern Highlands of Scotland. Scottish Geographical Magazine, 101, 40-49.

Ballantyne, C.K., 1986. Non-sorted patterned ground on mountains in the Northern Highlands of Scotland. Biuletyn Peryglacjalny, 30: 15-34.

Ballantyne, C.K. (1991a). Late Holocene erosion in upland Britain: climatic deterioration or human influence? The Holocene, 1, 81-42.

Ballantyne, C.K. (1991b). Holocene geomorphic activity in the Scottish Highlands. Scottish Geographical Magazine, 107, 84-98.

Ballantyne, C.K., 1994. Scottish Landform Examples - 10: the tors of the Cairngorms. Scottish Geographical Magazine, 110: 54-59.

Ballantyne, C.K. 1996. Periglacial landforms in the Cairngorm Mountains. In: Glasser, N.F. & Bennett, M.R. (eds.), The Quaternary of the Cairngorms. Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge.

Ballantyne, C.K. 2002. Geomorphological changes and trends in Scotland: debris flows. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report F00AC107A. SNH: Perth.

Ballantyne, C.K. (2002b). Debris flow activity in the Scottish Highlands: temporal trends and wider implications for dating. Studia Geomorphologica Carpatho-Balcanica 36: 7–27.

Ballantyne, C.K. (2008). After the ice: Holocene geomorphic activity in the Scottish Highlands. Scottish Geographical Journal, 124, 8-52.

Ballantyne, C.K., 2010. Extent and deglacial chronology of the last British-Irish Ice Sheet: implications of exposure dating using cosmogenic isotopes. Journal of Quaternary Science, 25: 515-534.

Ballantyne, C.K. and Benn, D. I., 2005. Palaeoclimatic reconstruction from Loch Lomond Readvance glaciers in the West Drumochter Hills, Scotland. Journal of Quaternary Science, 20: 577-592.

Ballantyne, C.K., Black, N.M. and Finlay, D.P., 1989. Enhanced boulder weathering under late-lying snow patches. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 14: 745-750.

Ballantyne, C.K. & Eckford, J.D. (1984). Characteristics and evolution of two relict talus slopes in Scotland. Scottish Geographical Magazine, 100, 20-33.

Ballantyne, C.K., Black, N.M. & Finlay, D.P. (1989). Enhanced boulder weathering under late-lying snowpatches. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 14, 745-750.

Ballantyne, C.K. and Harris, C., 1994. The Periglaciation of Great Britain. Cambridge University Press, 330 pp.

Ballantyne, C.K. and Kirkbride, M., 1986. The characteristics and significance of some Lateglacial protalus ramparts in upland Britain. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 11: 659-671.

Ballantyne, C.K. and Kirkbride, M.P., 1987. Rockfall activity in upland Britain during the Loch Lomond Stadial. Geographical Journal., 153: 86-92.

Ballantyne, C.K. & Whittington, G. (1999). Late Holocene floodplain incision and alluvial fan formation in the central Grampian Highlands, Scotland: chronology, environment and implications. Journal of Quaternary Science 14: 651–671.

Ballantyne, C.K., Schnabel, C. & Xu, S. (2009). Exposure dating and reinterpretation of coarse debris accumulations (‘rock glaciers’) in the Cairngorm Mountains, Scotland. Journal of Quaternary Science, 24, 19-31.

Barber, K.E., Battarbee, R.W., Brooks, S.J., Eglington, G., Haworth, E.Y., Oldfield, F., Stevenson, A.C., Thompson, R., Appleby, P.G., Austin, W.E.N.,
Cameron, N.G., Ficken, K.J., Golding, P., Harkness, D.D., Holmes, J.A., Hutchinson, R., Lishman, J.P., Maddy, D., Pinder, L.C.V., Rose, N.L. &
Stoneman, R.E. (1999). Proxy records of climate change in the UK over the last two millennia: documented change and sedimentary records from lakes and bogs. Journal of the Geological Society, London, 156, 369-380.

Barber, K.E., Maddy, D., Rose, N., Stevenson, A.C., Stoneman, R. & Thompson, R. (2000). Replicated proxy-climate signals over the last 2000 yr from two distant UK peat bogs: new evidence for regional palaeoclimate teleconnections. Quaternary Science Reviews, 19, 481-487.

Barrow, G., Cunningham-Craig, E.H. and Hinxman, L.W., 1912. The geology of the districts of Braemar, Ballater and Glen Clova. (Explanation of Sheet 65). Memoir Geological Survey of Scotland. HMSO, pp. Sheet 65, Scotland.

Barrow, G., Grant Wilson, J.S. and Cunningham Craig, E.H., 1905. The Geology of the Country round Blair Atholl, Pitlochry and Aberfeldy. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Scotland. HMSO, Edinburgh.

Barrow, G., Hinxman, L.W. and Craig, E.H.C., 1913. The geology of upper Strathspey, Gaick and the Forest of Atholl. Memoir of the Geological Survey of Scotland, Edinburgh.

Basham, I.R., 1974. Mineralogical changes associated with deep weathering of gabbro in Aberdeenshire. Clay Minerals, 10: 189-202.

Battarbee, R.W., Jones, V.J., Flower, R.J., Appleby, P.G., Rose, N.L. & Rippey, B. (1996). Palaeolimnological evidence for the atmospheric contamination and acidification of high Cairngorm lochs, with special reference to Lochnagar. Botanical Journal of Scotland, 48, 79-87.

Battarbee, R. W., N. G. Cameron, P. Golding, S. J. Brooks, R. Switsur, D. Harkness, P. Appleby, F. Oldfield, R. Thompson and D. T. Montieth, 2001. Evidence for Holocene climate variability from the sediments of a Scottish remote mountain lake, Journal of Quaternary Science 16 (2001), pp. 339–346

Baxter, C. and Goodier, R. (1990) The Cairngorms: the nature of the land. NCC.

Bayfield, N.G., 1984. The dynamics of heather (Calluna vulgaris) stripes in the Cairngorm Mountains, Scotland. Journal of Ecology, 72: 515-527.

Bayfield, N.G. and Nolan, A.J., 1998. Vegetation and soils of the Allt A'Mharcaidh catchment, Cairngorm Mountains. Scottish Geographical Magazine, 114: 18-21.

Bell, C., 2004. The Late Devensian deglaciation of Strath Nethy, northern Cairngorm Mountains; seeking a relative chronology. B.Sc Thesis, Aberdeen.

Benn, D.I. & Ballantyne, C.K. (2005). Palaeoclimatic reconstruction from Loch Lomond Readvance glaciers in the West Drumochter Hills, Scotland. Journal of Quaternary Science 20: 577–592.

Bennett, K.D. (1995). Post-glacial dynamics of pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and pinewoods in Scotland. In: Aldous, J.R. (ed.), Our Pinewood Heritage. Forestry Commission/RSPB/SNH, Farnham, 23-39.

Bennet, K.D., 1996. Late Quaternary vegetation dynamics of the Cairngorms. Botanical Journal of Scotland, 48: 51-63.

Bennett, M.R., 1996. The Loch Lomond Readvance in the Cairngorm Mountains. In: N.F. Glasser and M.R. Bennett (Editors), The Quaternary of the Cairngorms. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge.

Bennett, M.R. and Glasser, N.F., 1991. The glacial landforms of Glen Geusachan, Cairngorms: a reinterpretation. Scottish Geographical Magazine, 107: 116-123.

Bennett, M.R. and Glasser, N., 1996. Glacial Geology: Ice Sheets and Landforms. Wiley, Chichester, 364 pp.

Birks, H.J.B., 1970. Studies in the vegetational history of Scotland. I. A pollen diagram from Abernethy Forest, Inverness-shire. Journal of Ecology, 58: 827-846.

Birks, H. H. (1975). "Studies in the vegetational history of Scotland IV. Pine stumps in Scottish blanket peats." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B270: 181-226.

Birks, H.J.B. and Matthews, R.W., 1978. Studies in the vegetational history of Scotland. V. Late Devensian and early Flandrian pollen and macrofossil stratigraphy at Abernethy Forest, Inverness-shire. New Phytologist, 80: 455-484.

Birks, H.J.B. (1996). Palaeoecological studies in the Cairngorms – summary and future research needs. Botanical Journal of Scotland, 48, 117-126.

Birks, H.J.B. (1997). Scottish biodiversity in a historical context. In: Fleming, L.V., Newton, A.C., Vickery, J.A. & Usher, M.B. (eds), Biodiversity in Scotland: Status, Trends and Initiatives. The Stationery Office, Edinburgh, 21-35.

Blundell, A.C. (2002). Late Holocene multi-proxy climate records for northern Britain and Ireland derived from raised peat stratigraphy. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Southampton.

BLUNDELL, A. and BARBER, K. 2005. A 2800-year palaeoclimatic record from Tore Hill Moss, Strathspey, Scotland: the need for a multi-proxy approach to peat-based climate reconstructions. Quaternary Science Reviews 24, 1261-1277.

Brasington, J., Rumsby, B.T. & McVey, R.A. (2000). Monitoring and modelling morphological change in a braided gravel-bed river using high resolution GPS-based survey. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 25, 973-990.

Brazier, V. and Ballantyne, C.K., 1989. Late Holocene debris cone evolution in Glen Feshie, western Cairngorm Mountains, Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 80: 17-24.

Brazier, V., Gordon, J.E., Hubbard, A. and Sugden, D.E., 1996. The geomorphological evolution of a dynamic landscape: the Cairngorm Mountains, Scotland. Botanical Journal of Scotland, 48: 13-30.

Brazier, V., Gordon, J.E., Kirkbride, M.P. and Sugden, D.E., 1996. The Late Devensian ice sheet and glaciers in the Cairngorm Mountains. In: N.F. Glasser and M.R. Bennett (Editors), The Quaternary of the Cairngorms. Quaternary Research Association, London, pp. 28-53.

Kirkbride, V. and Gordon, J.E. (2009). The geomorphological heritage of the Cairngorm Mountains. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. xxx (ROAME No. F00AC104).

Brazier, V., Kirkbride, M. and Gordon, J.E., 1998. Active ice-sheet deglaciation and ice-dammed lakes in the northern Cairngorm Mountains, Scotland. Boreas, 27: 297-310.

Brazier, V. and Werritty, A., 1994. Conservation management of dynamic rivers: the case of the River Feshie, Scotland. In: D. O'Halloran, C. Green, M. Harley, M. Stanley and J. Knill (Editors), Geological and Landscape Conservation. Geological Society, London, pp. 147-152.

Bremner, A., 1912. The physical geology of the Dee valley. The University Press, Aberdeen.

Bremner, A., 1915. The capture of the Geldie by the Feshie. Scottish Geographical Magazine, 31: 589-596.

Bremner, A., 1918. Limits of the valley glaciation in the basin of the Dee. Transactions of the Edinburgh Geological Society, 11: 61-68.

Bremner, A., 1919. A geographical study of the high plateau of the South-East Highlands. Scottish Geographical Magazine, 35: 331-351.

Bremner, A., 1921. The physical geology of the Don basin. Aberdeen University Studies, 83.

Bremner, A., 1929. The glaciation of the Cairngorms. The Deeside Field, 4: 29-37.

Bremner, A., 1930. The valley glaciation in the district around Dinnet, Cambus o'May and Ballater. Deeside Field, 5: 15-24.

Bremner, A., 1932. The glaciation of Abernethy Forest. Transactions of Edinburgh Geological Society, 13: 1-16.

Bremner, A., 1934. The glaciation of Moray and ice movements in the north of Scotland. Transactions of the Edinburgh Geological Society, 13: 17-56.

Bremner, A., 1942. The origins of the Scottish river system. Scottish Geographical Magazine, 58: 15-20, 54-59 and 99-103.

Bridge, M.C., Haggart, B.A. & Lowe, J.J. (1990). The history and palaeoclimatic significance of subfossil remains of Pinus sylvestris in blanket peats from Scotland. Journal of Ecology, 78, 77-99.

Brook, M.S., Kirkbride, M.P. and Brock, B.W., 2004. Rock strength and development of glacial valley morphology in the Scottish Highlands and northwest Iceland. Geografiska Annaler, 86B: 225-234.

Brooks, S.M. (1991). Modelling slope development through mass movement: the interaction of pedogenesis and hillslope hydrology. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Cambridge.

Brooks, S.M. (1997). Modelling the role of climatic change in landslide initiation for different soils during the Holocene. Paläoklimaforschung, 19, 207-222.

Brooks, S.M. & Richards, K.S. (1993). Establishing the role of pedogenesis in changing soil hydraulic properties. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 18, 573-578.


Brooks, S.M. & Richards, K.S. (1994). The significance of rainstorm variations to shallow translational hillslope failure. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 19, 85-94.

Brooks, S.M., Richards, K.S. & Anderson, M.G. (1993). Shallow failure mechanisms during the Holocene: utilisation of a coupled slope hydrology – slope stabilty model. In: Thomas, D.S.G. & Allison, R.J. (eds), Landscape Sensitivity. John Wiley and Sons Ltd, Chichester, 149-175. (include)

Brown, I.M., 1993. Pattern of deglaciation of the last (Late Devensian) Scottish ice sheet: evidence from ice-marginal deposits in the Dee valley, northeast Scotland. Journal of Quaternary Science, 8(3): 235-250.

Burton, J.H. (1864). The Cairngorm Mountains. William Blackwood & Sons, Edinburgh & London.

Butchart, N., 2000. A reinterpretation of hummocky moraine in the Cairngorms and the reconstruction of Loch Lomond Readvance glaciers. BSc Thesis, Aberdeen.

C

Chattopadhyay, G.P., 1983. Ploughing blocks in the Drummochter Hills in the Grampian Highlands, Scotland: a quantitative report. Geographical  Journal., 149: 211-215.

Chattopadhyay, G.P., 1984. A fossil valley-wall rock glacier in the Cairngorm Mountains. Scottish Journal of Geology, 20: 121-125.

Chattopadhyay, G.P., 1986. Ploughing block movement on the Drummochter hills in the Grampian Highlands, Scotland. Biuletyn  Peryglacjalny, 30: 57-60.

Christiansen, H.H., 2004. Wind polished boulders and bedrock in the Scottish Highlands: evidence and implications of Late Devensian wind activity. Boreas, 33: 82-94.

Clapperton, C.M., 1986. Glacial geomorphology of northeast Lochnagar. In: W. Ritchie, J.C. Stone and A.S. Mather (Editors), Essays for Professor R. E. H. Mellor. University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, pp. 390-396.

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Clapperton, C. M. and Sugden, D.E., 1977. The Late Devensian glaciation of north-east Scotland. In: J.M. Gray and J.J. Lowe (Editors), Studies in the Scottish Lateglacial environment. Pergamon, Oxford, pp. 1-13.

Clark, S.H.E. (2002). Holocene environmental change in northeast Scotland: a palaeoentomological approach. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

Clark, S.H.E. (2003). Insect faunas associated with the fossil remains of Pinus sylvestris L. in blanket peat from northeast Scotland. Scottish Geographical Journal, 119, 39-52.

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Curry, A.M. (2000). Holocene reworking of drift-mantled hillslopes in the Scottish Highlands. Journal of Quaternary Science 15: 529–541.

Dalton, C. et al., 2005. A multi-proxy study of lake-development in response to catchment changes during the Holocene at Lochnagar, north-east Scotland. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 221(3-4): 175-201.

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Davies, T.D., Brimblecombe, P., Tranter, M., Abrahams, P.W. & Blackwood, I.L. (1984). Chemical composition of snow in the remote Scottish Highlands. In: Unsworth, M.H. & Fowler, D. (eds), Deposition Processes at High Elevation Sites. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, 181-204.

Davies, T.D., Tranter, M., Jickells, T.D., Abrahams, P.W., Landsberger, S., Jarvis, K. & Pierce, C.E. (1992). Heavily-contaminated snowfalls in the remote Scottish Highlands: a consequence of regional-scale mixing and transport. Atmospheric Environment, 26A, 95-112.

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G

Galloway, R.W., 1958. Periglacial phenomena in Scotland. Ph.D Thesis, Edinburgh.

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Goodfellow, B.W., Skelton, A., Martel, S.J., Stroeven, A.P., Jansson, K.N., Hättestrand, C., 2014. Controls of tor formation, Cairngorm Mountains, Scotland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 2013JF002862.

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Gordon, J.E., 2001. The corries of the Cairngorm Mountains. Scottish Geographical Journal, 117: 49-63.

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H

Hall, A.M., 1985. Cenozoic weathering covers in Buchan, Scotland, and their significance. Nature, 315: 392-395.

Hall, A. M. 1986. Deep weathering patterns in north-east Scotland and their geomorphological significance. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie 30: 407-422.

Hall, A. M. and D. E. Sugden 1987. Limited modification of mid-latitude landscapes by ice sheets: the case of north-east Scotland. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 12: 531-542.

Hall, A.M. and Mellor, T., 1988. The characteristics and significance of deep weathering in the Gaick area, Grampian Highlands, Scotland. Geografiska Annaler, 70A: 309-314.

Hall, A. M., T. Mellor and Wilson, M. J. 1989. The clay mineralogy and age of deeply weathered rock in north-east Scotland. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie SupplementBand 72: 97-108.

Hall, A. M. 1991. Pre-Quaternary landscape evolution in the Scottish Highlands. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences 82: 1-26.

Hall, A. M. 1992. Deep weathering in Scotland- retrospect and prospect. North of England Soils Discussion Group: Proceedings 25: 53-63.

Hall A.M., Whittington G, Duller GAT, Jarvis J. 1995. Late Pleistocene environments in lower Strathspey, Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences 85: 253-273.

Hall, A.M., 1996. The paleic relief of the Cairngorm Mountains. In: N.F. Glasser and M.R. Bennett (Editors), The Quaternary of the Cairngorms. Quaternary Research Association, London, pp. 13-27.

Hall, A.M. and Bishop, P., 2002. Scotland's denudational history: an integrated view of erosion and sedimentation at an uplifted passive margin. In: A.G. Doré, J. Cartwright, M.S. Stoker, J.P. Turner and N. White (Editors), Exhumation of the North Atlantic Margin: Timing, Mechanisms and Implications for Petroleum Exploration. Geological Society, Special Publication, London, pp. 270-290.

Hall, A. M. and N. F. Glasser (2003). Reconstructing former glacial basal thermal regimes in a landscape of selective linear erosion: Glen Avon, Cairngorm Mountains, Scotland. Boreas 32: 191-207.

Hall, A.M., 2004. Preglacial relief elements in the Gaick Forest. In: S. Lukas, J.W. Merritt and W.A. Mitchell (Editors), The Quaternary of the Central Grampian Highlands. Quaternary Research Association, London, pp. 23-25.

Hall, A.M. and Jarman, D., 2004. Quaternary landscape evolution - plateau dissection by glacial breaching. In: S. Lukas, J. W. Merritt and W. A. Mitchell (Editors), The Quaternary of the Central Grampian Highlands. Quaternary Research Association, London, pp. 26-40.

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