kame formation

kame terrace




Kame terraces at the outlet of the Rammer Cleugh meltwater channel



Kames and kame terraces

Definition: a flat-topped mound or hill composed of sorted sand and gravel deposited by meltwater in a former glacial lake

Kames and kame terraces form when sediment accumulates in ponds and lakes trapped between lobes of glacier ice or between a glacier and the valley side. Typically, the sediment comprises well-bedded and -sorted sand and gravel.

In East Lothian, kames and kame terraces are often found at the outlets of major meltwater channels. Other examples occur around the Tyne estuary, where the kame terraces merge with Lateglacial raised shorelines.