structural landscapes

glacial landscapes

coastal landscapes

Pleistocene events

postglacial processes


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East Lothian Landscapes

East Lothian is a much-loved lowland landscape fashioned from its Carboniferous geology. The flows, tubes and magma chambers of ancient volcanoes form its hills and ridges. Softer sandstone and limestone give lower, fertile ground. The rock is often hidden beneath thick glacial boulder clay, a legacy of thick ice sheets that melted just 15 000 years ago. Glacial gouging and moulding has imparted a strong easterly grain to the land. The coast is of unusual interest for its detailed record of sea level change. Its cliffs, shore platforms, estuaries and beaches reveal the rebound of the land from the load of ice. This diversity of rocks and relief has attracted the attentions of Scottish and international earth scientists from James Hutton onwards. Why not take a while to explore its scenery and to reflect on its origins?

Scotland's landscapes  cairngorms  caithness  orkney  shetland