The broad, preglacial valley of the Berriedale Water, looking west towards the inselberg of Morven and its distinctive summit tors
Image by Alan Moar
The imprint of glacial and post-glacial erosion on Caithness has often been slight and the gross form of the terrain was shaped in earlier times by weathering and fluvial processes operating under temperature to warm environments
Alain Godard (1965) recognised 4 main generations of relief in Caithness:
These pages focus on the development of the relief before the Ice Age.